DevOps Roadmap: Learn to become a DevOps Engineer or SRE


This meant that software was developed with little, if any, insight into the operations resources needed to host the application. When a software release candidate was ready for deployment, it was formally handed off to IT. IT was responsible for understanding the software’s resource and performance requirements and then deploying, configuring and managing that workload in production. Organizations rely on their DevOps engineers for guidance and leadership across their entire app development lifecycle. Although many DevOps engineers begin their careers as software developers or as IT management professionals, they usually also pick up new skills, methodologies, and strategies from other similar disciplines along the way. Because of this, DevOps engineers are often some of the most seasoned professionals in their organization and it can take many years for DevOps engineers to acquire all the skills they need to be successful.

devops engineer

Organizations are increasingly supplementing or replacing manual testers with the software development engineer in test (SDET) role. The SDET focuses on testing new application code before its release into production. However, rather than testing software manually he/she focuses on writing test automation code. To become a DevOps Engineer, you need to have technical skills in areas such as development, automation, containerization, cloud, CI/CD pipelines etc.

DevOps skills

Among his accomplishments over the past 20 years are certifications from Novell, EMC, VMware, and AWS.

York University in Ontario is one of the first in the nation to offer a DevOps-specific post-secondary certification. A DevOps engineer is responsible for optimizing an organization’s software, including software maintenance and server administration. Learners are advised to conduct additional research to ensure that courses and other credentials pursued meet their personal, professional, and financial goals. A DevOps engineer leads and coordinates different teams’ efforts to create and maintain a company’s software. The term “DevOps” is a portmanteau of “development operations” and is a practice that aims to automate all software construction steps.

Consider a bachelor’s degree.

DevOps engineering requires a mix of technical and people skills (also known as soft skills) to succeed. Yet it is not unheard of for an organization to have a separate automation expert or automation engineer role. This may be someone whose focus is to manage the CI/CD tooling or develop and maintain automated test suites. DevOps engineers will usually need experience with configuring and deploying one or more CI/CD tools, and will usually need to work closely with the rest of the development organization to ensure that these tools are used effectively.

devops engineer

Although DevOps engineers rarely code from scratch, they must understand the basics of software development languages and be familiar with the development tools used to create new code or update existing code. DevOps engineers play a crucial role in bridging the gap between traditionally siloed departments to enable more consistency and effective collaboration. They often serve as the link between development teams and IT operations teams to help unify, optimize, and automate processes within the software development lifecycle. Because teams have different skillsets and goals, a DevOps engineer’s job is to balance the needs and goals of all teams and find solutions that enable everyone to do their best work. A DevOps engineer is responsible for leading and coordinating the activities of different teams to create and maintain a company’s software. The term ‘DevOps’ is derived from “development and operations” and is a set of practices aiming to increase the efficiency of the software development lifecycle through collaboration.

What Skills Are Needed to Be a DevOps Engineer?

A DevOps engineer introduces processes, tools, and methodologies to balance needs throughout the software development life cycle, from coding and deployment, to maintenance and updates. And Infrastructure as Code (IaC) is an important concept, since it can prevent common deployment problems by enabling applications to be tested in production-like environments early in the development process. Additionally, DevOps engineers should be able to design and manage infrastructures that are located on-premise, as well as those in the cloud. DevOps engineers help increase the efficiency and accuracy of every stage of the software development process. Without DevOps engineers, development tools may not be properly maintained and/or products may have a slower deployment and release process.

In most cases the title software developer is given to individuals who write either front-end or back-end application code, or both. These are the people who have been historically described as “computer programmers” before the rise of agile thinking. Since using the right tools are essential to DevOps practices, the devops engineer training must understand, and be able to use, a variety of tools. These tools span the DevOps lifecycle from infrastructure and building, to monitoring and operating a product or service. You can support a team in getting AWS Certified by funding AWS Certification(s) with exam vouchers. Signal the value of skills advancement, manage your learning and development budget strategically, and get insights on voucher usage.

What does it take to earn this certification?

Familiarity with several programming languages enables a DevOps engineer to more clearly identify opportunities to automate the development process. Popular languages, such as Python, Java, and JavaScript, are all good candidates for DevOps engineers to know. DevOps engineers specialize in development and operations processes to coordinate efficient product development for a company. DevOps engineers also oversee the activities and needs of a software product’s creation from planning to deployment.

devops engineer

At the same time managing containers brings its own challenges, and experience with the class of tools known as “container orchestrators” (e.g. Docker Swarm or Kubernetes) becomes a necessary skill for the DevOps engineer. A DevOps engineer will have experience with system administration, such as provisioning and managing servers, deploying databases, security monitoring, system patching, and managing internal and external network connectivity. Become an invaluable resource to your company by acquiring development and engineering skills through Udemy’s online courses. DevOps engineers are usually well-versed in one or more programming languages (like Java, PHP, or C++) for coding and scripting. A DevOps engineer is an IT professional that oversees the implementation, development, and maintenance of an organization’s application software. To expand your skill set, you might get certified in Azure, Python, Gitlab, Jenkins, and Docker.

Roles and responsibilities

For organizations with on-premise resources this might include managing physical servers, storage devices, switches, and virtualization software in a data center. For a hybrid or entirely cloud-based organization this will usually include provisioning and managing virtual instances of the same components. A DevOps engineer is an IT generalist who should have a wide-ranging knowledge of both development and operations, including coding, infrastructure management, system administration, and DevOps toolchains. DevOps engineers should also possess interpersonal skills since they work across company silos to create a more collaborative environment. Their responsibilities and objectives are centered on managing the development life cycle, reducing the complexity of the development process, and helping make applications more reliable.

devops engineer

A variety of DevOps courses and certifications are also available for popular DevOps tools — such as Chef, Puppet or Jenkins — or the major cloud platforms. DevOps engineers may begin their careers as a product developer, software developer or software engineer before entering the DevOps engineer role. Professionals can then progress into a senior DevOps engineer role, and eventually management and leadership positions like DevOps engineering manager. CI/CD introduces ongoing automation and continuous monitoring throughout the lifecycle of apps, from integration and testing phases to delivery and deployment.

While DevOps is not a specific job title or role, organizations often hire for a “DevOps Engineer” role. A DevOps Engineer is a software engineer who specializes in the practices and tools that enable the continuous delivery of software. DevOps Engineers are responsible for the design and implementation of applications, software, and services for their organization, and they work closely with developers, testers, and operations staff to oversee the code releases. DevOps is not a specific job title or role, but rather a set of practices and principles that can be applied across a variety of roles in software development and IT operations. Anyone involved in the software development and delivery process can adopt a DevOps mindset and apply DevOps practices in their work, including developers, testers, operations engineers, product managers, and others. The DevOps approach to software development aims for frequent, incremental changes to code versions, which means frequent deployment and testing regimens.

  • DevOps advocacy is often undervalued or overlooked entirely, but is arguably the most important role of a DevOps engineer.
  • While DevOps is not a specific job title or role, organizations often hire for a “DevOps Engineer” role.
  • Most DevOps engineers possess a strong software development or IT operations background, along with a mix of other technical skills and soft skills from other disciplines.
  • A DevOps engineer must know how to manage the IT infrastructure that supports software code in dedicated, multitenant or hybrid cloud computing environments.
  • The DevOps evangelist will typically have a strong technical background, but the focus of the role is on interpersonal communication and process improvement.

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